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Turkish Lessons » Frequently Occurring Words in Turkish

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frequent vocabulary (1100)

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There are no words which begin with Ğ in Turkish

A B C Ç D E F GH I İ J K L M N O Ö P R S Ş T U Ü V Y Z

A

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abla older sister; ma'am
acaba I wonder
acele hurry; hastily
acı tart, hot (pepper), bitter
hungry, greedy
açı open, bare, empty
açılmak to open, to clear up
açmak to open
ad name, reputation
ada island, city block
adam man (person), human being
âdet custom, habit
adres address
affetmek to forgive, excuse
afiyet health
ağabey older brother
ağaç tree
ağır heavy, difficult
ağız mouth; rim, brim
ağlamak to weep, cry, whine
ağrımak to ache, hurt
ağustos August
aile family
ait concerning, relating to
ak white, clean
akıl reason, intelligence, mind
akıllı wise, intelligent
akmak to flow, to leak
akşam evening
alay crowd
alçak low
alın forehead
alışmak to get used to, become familiar
alışveriş business, shopping
allah God
allahaısmarladık (said by person leaving) goodbye! (Reply is Güle Güle)
almak to take, get, buy
alt bottom
altı six
altın gold
altmış sixty
ama/amma but, yet, still
an moment, perception, boundary
ana main (ana yol = main road)
anahtar key
ancak only, merely, just barely, hardly
anlamak to understand, comprehend, find out
anlatmak to explain, tell, show
anne mother
apartman apartment building, block of flats
araba car ; vehicle
aralık space, gap, interval
aramak to look (for), search
arka the back, rear, reverse
arkadaş friend
armut pear
artık left over, remnant, extra ; for now, henceforth
arzu wish, desire
asansör elevator
asker soldier
aşağı the lower part, bottom, inferior
at horse
ata father, ancestor
ateş fire, fever, temperature
atmak to throw, drop, send away
avukat lawyer
ay moon ; month
ayak foot, leg, base, pedestal
ayakkabı shoe
aydınlık light, brightness
ayna mirror
aynı the same, identical
ayran yoghurt drink
ayrı separate, distinct, different
ayrılmak to part, separate, split
az small, little, few
azalmak to become less, lessen, diminish

B

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baba father
bacak leg, shank
bağ tie, string; vineyard
bağlı tied, connected
bahar spring
bahçe garden, park
bakan state secretary
bakkal grocer
bakmak to look at
balık fish
balkon balcony
banka bank
banyo bath ; bath-tub ; bath-room
bardak glass, cup
basmak to tread, stand
baş head, chief
başarmak to accomplish
başbakan prime minister
başka other, different
başlamak to begin, start
batı west, western
batmak to sink
bavul suitcase, trunk
bay Mr. - (used only with surname)
bayan lady
bayılmak to faint
bayram festivity, holiday
bazan/bazen sometimes
bazı some, certain
bebek baby, doll
beğenmek to like, admire
bekâr single, bachelor
beklemek to wait
belediye municipality
belge document
belki perhaps
belli evident, obvious
ben me, ego
benzin gasoline
beraber together
berber barber
beri here, near
beslemek to feed, nourish
beş five
bey gentleman
beyaz white
beyefendi sir
bıçak knife
bırakmak to leave
biber pepper
bildirmek to tell, inform
bile even, already
bilet ticket
biletçi ticket taker
bilgi knowledge, information
bilmek to know, be aware
bin thousand
bina building
binmek to get upon, ride
bir one
bira beer
biraz a little, some
birleşik united
birlik unity, union
bisiklet bicycle
bitirmek to finish, complete
bitmek to be used up, end, be finished
biz we
bluz/bulüz blouse
boğaz throat; straight; mountain pass
bol plentiful, ample
borç debt, loan
boş empty, free
boy height, stature, length
boyun neck, cervix; responsibility
bozmak to spoil, ruin, destroy
bozuk broken
bozulmak to go bad, become corrupt
bölge region, zone
bölüm portion, slice, chapter
börek flaky pastry with filling
böyle so, thus; such
bu this
buçuk and a half, (iki buçuk = two and a half)
bugün today
bulmak to find, discover
buluşmak to meet
bulut cloud
bulvar boulevard
burada here
burun nose, beak, tip
buyurmak to command
buz ice, very cold
buzdolabı refrigerator
büro office
bütün whole, total, unbroken
büyük big, large

C

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cadde main road, thoroughfare
cami mosque
can soul, life, person, vigor
canlı living, animate, living being, alive
ceket jacket
cennet paradise, heaven
cep pocket
cevap answer, reply
cins sort, type, sex, gender, race, stock
cuma Friday
cumartesi Saturday
cumhuriyet republic

Ç

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çabuk quick, fast, swift, quickly
çağırmak to call, to invite, to shout
çalışkan hard-working, diligent
çalışma work, study
çalışmak to work, study
çalmak to steal ; to play a musical instrument
çanta bag, purse
çarpmak to bump, hit, knock, run (into)
çarşamba Wednesday
çarşı shopping district, market quarter
çatal fork, bifurcation
çay tea
çekmek to pull, haul, move (a car)
çeşit kind, sort, variety, assortment
çevirmek to turn, rotate; to refuse; to translate
çeyrek a quarter, one fourth
çıkarmak to take out, send out, expel, to publish
çıkmak to go out, emerge, to graduate
çiçek flower
çiftlik farm
çikolata chocolate
çirkin ugly
çocuk child
çok many, much, very
çorap stocking, nose, sock
çorba soup
çünkü because

D

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da/de too, also
dağ mountain, brand
daha more, than, yet, or
daima always, forever
daire circle; apartment
dakika minute
daktilo typewriting, typist
dans dance, dancing
dar narrow, tight
davet invitation
dede grandfather
defa time, turn
defter notebook
değer price, worth, value
değil not
değışik different, varied, changed
değişmek to change
delik hole, opening
demek to say
denemek to test, examine
deniz sea
derece step, stair, degree
derhal suddenly, immediately
derin deep, profound
ders lesson, lecture
dert sorrow, sadness, pain
deva remedy
devir age, time
devlet state, government, nation
deyim saying, expression
dış out, outer, outside
dışarı outside
diğer other
dikkat care, attention
dikmek plant, sew, stitch
dil language, tongue
dilemek to want, desire, to wish
dinlemek to listen
diş tooth
doğmak to be born
doğru correct, true
doğu east
doğum birth
doksan ninety
doktor doctor
dokuz nine
dolap cupboard, case
dolaşmak to walk
dolmak to fill
dolmuş (something which is filled)
dolu full
domates tomato
dondurma ice cream
dost friend, lover
doymak to be satisfied
dönmek to go round, circle; to return
dönüş return
dört four
dövmek to beat, pound
dudak lip
durak stop, stopping place
durmak to stop, stand
durum state, position, attitude
duş shower
duvar wall
duygu feeling, sense, perception
duymak to hear
düğün wedding feast
dükkân shop, store
dün yesterday
dünya world, earth
düşmek to fall
düşünmek to think, worry
düz smooth, level, flat

E

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eczane pharmacy, chemist
efendi master, owner
eğer if
eğlence amusement, enjoyment
eğlenmek to enjoy, to have a good time
ek supplement; prefix, suffix
ekim October; sowing, planting
ekmek bread; to sow, to cultivate
eksik lacking, less
ekşi sour, tart
el hand, power
elbette certainly
elbise dress, clothes
elektrik electricity
elli fifty
elma apple
emekli retired
emin safe, secure, sure, certain
emir order, command
en width; hefty, huge; most
enerji energy
erkek man
erken early
ertesi the next, following
eser work (of art); written
eski old
spouse; husband, wife; one of a pair
eşya furniture, things
et meat
etek skirt
etmek to do, make
etraf sides, surroundings
ev house
evet yes
evlenmek to marry
evli married
evvel first, before
evvel/evvela firstly
eylem action, operation; verb
eylül September

F

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fabrika factory
faiz interest
fakat but
fakir poor, destitute
fakülte department (at a university)
fark difference, distinction
fayda profit, advantage, use
fazla excessive, extra
felâket disaster
fena bad
fırçalamak to brush
fırın oven, bakery, kiln
fiil act
fikir thought, idea, opinion
film/filim film
fincan cup
fiyat/fiat price
fotoğraf photograph

G

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galiba perhaps, probably
garson waiter
gazete newspaper
gazeteci journalist; newspaper seller
gazino cafe, casino
gece night
geç late
geçen last, past
geçirmek to fix, insert; to pass (time); to enter;
geçit passage; mountain pass
geçmek to pass, cross; to undergo; to spoil; to faint
gelecek future; next
gelin bride; daughter-in-law
gelişmek to grow up; to develop, prosper
gelmek to come
gemi ship (n.)
genç young
gene/yine again; still, nevertheless
genellikle generally
geniş wide
gerçek real, genuine; reality, truth; really
gerek necessary; need
gerekmek to be necessary
geri backward, behind; slow (clock); to take/put back
getirmek to bring, yield
gezmek to stroll; to go out; to tour, visit
gibi like, similar; nearly, somewhat
gidiş departure; way of life, conduct
giriş entrance; introduction
girmek to enter; to join; to fit (into);
gişe pay desk, ticket window
gitmek to go; to lead; to suit; to leave; to disappear
giyinmek to dress (o. s.)
giymek to wear; to put on
göğüs breast, chest
gök sky, heavens
göl lake
gömlek skirt; slip; generation; degree, shade; (snake) skin
göndermek to send
göre according (to); considering
görev duty; function
görmek to see; to visit; to regard; to undergo; to perform
görüşmek to meet, to have an interview; to discuss
göstermek to show
götürmek to take (away), to carry; to accompany; to lead
göz eye
gözlük eyeglasses
gram gram
güç difficult; difficulty
gül rose
gülmek to smile, to laugh
gün day; period, time
günaydın good morning/day
güneş sun
güney south, southern
günlük daily; - days old; for - days; diary; usual [hover mouse here]

üç günlük - three days old ; for three days.

gürültü noise
güzel nice, beautiful, good

H

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haber news
hafta week
hak justice
hakikaten in truth, truly
haklı right, just
hal condition; attitude; strength
halbuki whereas, however
halı carpet, rug
halk people, folk, nation
hangi which
hanım lady, Mrs., Ms., Miss.
hanımefendi lady, madam
hani in fact, besides
hareket movement, act, deed
harita map
harp war, battle
hasta sick
hastabakıcı nurse's aide
hastane hospital
hat route ; line ; stripe ; contour
hatırlamak to remember, to remind
hava air, weather
hayat life
haydi come on!
hayır no; charity
hayvan animal
hazır ready
hazırlamak to prepare
haziran June
hâlâ still, yet
hediye gift, present
hele above all, especially
hem.. hem de.. both ... and
hemen right away, almost
henüz only, just, just now ; (with negative) yet [hover mouse here]

Mehmet, henüz gelmedi - Mehmet hasn't come yet.

hep all, the whole
her every, each
herhalde probably
herkes everyone, everybody
hesap account, bill
heyecan excitement, enthusiasm
hırsız thief
hız speed
hiç never, not at all
hissetmek to feel, to sense
hoca teacher
hoş kal fine,
hükümet government, administration

I

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ısırmak to bite
ısmarlamak to order s.o., to have s.o made
ışık light, any source of light

İ

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inside, interior, inner, domestic, kernel
içeri inside, interior
için for, because, so that
içki drink, liquor
içmek to drink
idare administration, management, direction
ihtiyaç need, necessity
ihtiyar old, old person
iki two
iktisadi economic
ilaç/ilâç medicine, drug
ilân notice, advertisement
ile with
ileri front part, forward, ahead
ilginç interesting
ilk first, initial
ilkbahar spring
imza signature
imzalamak to sign
inanmak (-a) to believe, trust, have faith in
inmek to get off (a bus, car, etc.)
insan person
inşallah I hope that . . .
ise however (after a noun)
isim name
iskemle chair, stool
istasyon station
istek wish, desire, request
istemek to want
work
işçi worker
işitmek to hear
işte here! here it is! look!
itmek to push, shove
iyi good
iyilik goodness, favor, kindness
izin permission
izlemek to follow, pursue; watch

J

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jeton jeton, money token, ferry token

K

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kabul acceptance
kaç how many ... ?
kaçmak to escape
kadar as ... as; approximately
kadın woman
kahvaltı breakfast
kahve coffee; café
kahverengi brown
kalabalık crowd, crowded
kaldırmak to raise, endure
kale fortress
kalem pencil, pen
kalın thick
kalkmak to get up, rise
kalmak to remain, be left
kalorifer central heating system
kan blood
kanun law
kapalı closed, covered
kapamak to close, shut
kapı door, gate
kapıcı doorkeeper
kar snow
kara black - see Explanation of Kara
karakol police station
karanlık dark
karar decision
kardeş sibling
karı wife
karın stomach, abdomen; womb
karışık mixed, complex
karışmak to mix, become confused
karşı facing, opposite
karşılamak to go to meet, to welcome
kasaba small town
kasap butcher
kasım November
kaş eyebrow
kaşık spoon
kat storey, floor
katı hard, stiff
kavga quarrel, fight
kavun honeydew melon
kaybetmek to lose
kaynak spring, source, origin
kazan large kettle
kazanç gain, profit, benefit
kazanmak to earn, win, get
kâğıt paper, card
kâr profit, benefit
kâtip clerk, secretary
kebap shish kebab
kedi cat
kendi oneself
kent city
kere time
kesmek to cut, slice
keyif pleasure in life; joy
kırk forty
kırmak to break, crush, grind
kırmızı red
kısa short
kısım part, portion, division
kış winter
kıyı shore, side, outskirts
kıyma ground meat
kız girl, daughter
kızıl red; scarlet fever
kızmak to anger
kibrit match
kilim rug
kilo kilogram
kilometre kilometer
kim who, whoever
kimse someone, anyone
kira renting, leasing
kirli dirty
kişi person, human being
kitap book
koca husband, adult
kol arm, sleeve, limb
kolay easy, simple
koltuk armchair
komşu neighbor
konferans lecture, conference
konser concert
konsolos consul (diplomat)
konuşmak to talk, speak
korkmak to fear, be afraid
koşmak to run
koymak to put, place
koyu thick (liquid)
koyun sheep
köfte meat patty, meatball
kömür coal, charcoal
köpek dog
köprü bridge
kör blind, dull, dim
köşe corner
kötü bad
köy village
köylü peasant
kulak ear; gill
kullanmak to use, drive
kum sand, gravel
kumaş cloth, fabric
kurmak to set up, assemble
kurtarmak to save, rescue
kuruş piaster (coin) ; cent
kuş bird
kutlamak to congratulate, celebrate
kutu box, case, can
kuvvet strength, power, force
kuzey north
küçük little, small
kütüphane library

L

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lamba lamp
lâzım necessary
limon lemon
lira lira
lise (high) school
lokanta restaurant
lütfen please
lüzum necessity, need

M

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maalesef unfortunately
madem since, seeing that
maden mine
mahalle neighborhood, district
makina machine
mal goods, property
manav greengrocer
manzara scene, view
mart March
masa table
maşallah Wonderful!
mavi blue
mayıs May
mâna meaning, sense
meclis assembly, council
mektep school
mektup letter
memleket country, land
memnun pleased, satisfied
memur civil servant, official
mendil handkerchief
merak curiosity
merdiven stairs, ladder
merhaba hello
merkez center, headquarters
mersi thanks! cheers!
mesele matter, problem
meslek profession
meşgul busy, preoccupied
meşhur famous
metre meter
mevsim season
mevzu topic, subject
meydan open space
meyve fruit
millet nation, people
millı national
milyar billion
milyon million
mimar architect
minare minaret
misafir guest, visitor
mor purple
musluk tap, faucet
mutfak kitchen
mutlaka absolutely
mutlu happy
müddet period, duration
müdür director, head, chair
mühendis engineer
mühim important, significant
mümkün possible
müracaat application
müsaade permission
müze museum
müzik music

N

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nasıl how
ne what
neden why
nerede where
nereli where from
nereye where to
niçin why
nihayet finally
nisan April
niye why
niyet intention;
niyet etmek to intend
normal normal
not note, mark
numara number, size;
numara yapmak to act, pretend
nutuk speech, oration;
nutuk vermek to make a speech

O

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ocak January
oda room
odacı janitor
odun firewood
ofis office
oğlan boy
oğul son
okul school
okumak read
olmak to be; to happen
omuz shoulder
on ten
opera opera
ordu army
orman forest
orta middle
otel hotel
otobüs bus
otomobil automobile
oturmak to sit; to reside
otuz thirty
oynamak to play
oyun game

Ö

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öbür to other
ödemek to pay
ödev duty; homework
öğle noon
öğrenci student
öğrenmek to learn
öğretim instruction; education
öğretmek to teach
öğretmen teacher
ölçmek to measure; to consider
ölçü measurement
ölmek to die
ölüm death
ömür life span; amusing
ön front
önce first; ago
önem importance
önemli important
öpmek to kiss
öyle like that, so
özel private
özür excuse; defect

P

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pahalı expensive
paket packet, package
palto man's coat
pansiyon boarding house
pantalon pants, trousers
para money
parça piece, bit, segment
park park
parlak bright, shining, successful
parmak finger, toe,
pasaport passport
pasta pastry, dessert
pastane pastry shop
patates potato
patron employer, head of a business
pazar open market; Sunday
pazartesi Monday
pek very much; hard, firm
peki very good
pembe pink
pencere window
perde curtain, screen, veil
perşembe Thursday
peynir cheese
piknik picnic
pilav pilaf
pis dirty, foul, obscene
pişirmek to cook, to bake
pişmek to be cooked, baked; to ripen, to mature
plaj beach
polis police, policeman
politika politics, policy
portakal orange
posta post, postal service
postane post office
profesör professor
program program
pul stamp

R

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radyo radio
raf shelf
rağmen (-a) in spite (of)
rahat comfortable
rakı anise flavored alcoholic beverage
randevu appointment, rendezvous
reçel jam
renk color
renkli colored, colorful
resim picture
resmı official, formal
ressam painter, artist
rica request
rüzgâr wind

S

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saat watch, clock, hour
sabah morning
saç hair
sade mere, simple, pure
sağ alive
sağlık life, health
saha space, field
sahi sound, true, correct
sahip owner
sakın beware; objection
salata salad, lettuce
salı Tuesday
salon hall, guest room, dining room
sanayi industries
sandalye chair
saniye second, moment
sanki supposing that
sanmak to think
sarı yellow; pale
satıcı salesman
satın almak to buy
satmak to sell
savaş struggle, fight, war
sayfa page
saymak to count
sebep cause, reason, source
sebze vegetable
seçmek to choose, select
sefer voyage
sekiz eight
sekreter secretary
seksen eighty
selâm greeting, salutation
sen you
sene year
serbest free, independent
sergi exhibition
serin cool
sert hard, violent
ses sound, noise, voice
sevgili beloved, dear
sevinç joy, delight
sevinmek to be pleased with
sevmek to love, like
seyahat journey, travelling
seyretmek to see, to look on
sıcak warm, hot, heat
sıfır zero
sık close together, dense
sıkmak to press, squeeze
sınıf class
sır secret, mystery
sıra row, turn, file
sigara/cıgara cigarette
sinema cinema
siyah black
siz you
soğan onion
soğuk cold, frigid
sohbet conversation, chat
sokak street
sol left, left-hand
son end, result, last
sonbahar fall, autumn
sonra afterwards
sormak to ask
soru question
sorun problem
soyadı family name, surname
söylemek to say
söz word, speech, rumour
sözlük dictionary
spor sport, games
su water, fluid
subay officer
sultan ruler
susmak to be silent
sürmek to drive
süt milk

Ş

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şair poet
şapka hat
şarap wine
şark east, Orient
şart condition
şaşırmak to be confused about
şaşmak to be perplexed
şehir town, city
şeker sugar, candy
şekerli sweetened
şemsiye umbrella
şey thing
şikâyet complaint
şimdi now
şirket company, partnership
şiş spit, skewer; swelling, swollen
şişe bottle
şişman fat
şoför chauffer
şöyle in that manner, so, just
şu that, this
şubat February
şüphe doubt, suspicion

T

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tabak plate, dish
tabii of course
tahsil collection; study, education
tahta blackboard; board, plank
takım set; team
taksi taxi
tam complete, entire, perfect
tamam OK; completion, end
tane grain; piece;
tanımak to know
tanışmak to meet, make acquaintance
tanrı god; God
taraf side, direction
tarif description; tariff
tarih history
tarla arable field
taş stone
taşımak to carry, transport, bear
taşınmak to move to (location) ; be carried to
tatil holiday, vacation
tatlı sweet, drinkable
tavuk hen
taze fresh, new
tebrik congratulation
tehlike danger
tek single, alone
teklif proposal, offer
tekrar repetition
tekrarlamak to repeat
telefon telephone
televizyon television
telgraf telegraph, telegram
tembel lazy
temiz clean, pure, honest
temizlemek to clean
temmuz July
temsil representation
tepe hill, summit
tercih preference
terzi tailor
teşekkür thanks, giving thanks
tırnak finger nail, toe nail;
ticaret trade, commerce
tiyatro theater
top ball, anything round
toplamak to collect, gather, tidy
toplantı assembly, meeting
toprak earth, soil, land
tramway tram, streetcar
traş/tıraş shaving
tren train
tuhaf uncommon, curious
turist tourist
turistik touristic
turuncu orange (color)
tutmak to hold; to catch, seize
tuvalet toilet
tuz salt
tuzlu salted, salty
türlü various
tütün tobacco

U

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ucuz cheap
uçak airplane
uçmak to fly, to evaporate, disappear
ufak small
uğramak to stop by
ulus people, nation
ummak to hope, expect
umumiyetle usually, generally
unutmak to forget
uyanmak to awake, come to life
uygun comfortable, suitable, appropriate
uyku sleep (n.)
uyumak to sleep
uzak distant, remote
uzatmak to extend, prolong
uzun long

Ü

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üç three
ülke country
ümit hope, expectation
üniversite university
ünlü famous
üst top, upper surface
ütü flat-iron
üye member
üzere at the point of, about to
üzmek to strain, break; to hurt the feelings of
üzülmek to be worn out
üzüm grape

V

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vakit time
vali governor
valiz suit-case
vapur steamer
var there is, there are
varmak to arrive, to reach
vatan native country
vatandaş citizen, compatriot
vazgeçmek to give up, to abandon
vazife duty, obligation
vaziyet position, situation
ve and
vermek to give
veya or
vurmak to hit, kill, steal, swindle

Y

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ya.. ya da.. either ... or ...
yabancı stranger, foreigner
yağ oil, fat, grease
yağmak to rain
yağmur rain (n.)
yahut or
yakın near (to)
yakıt fuel (for heating)
yakmak to light, ignite
yalan lie, fabrication
yalnız alone, lonely
yan side; neighborhood
yanak cheek
yani that is to say
yanlış error
yanmak to burn, be on fire
yapmak to make; to build; to create
yaprak leaf, grape leaf; layer
yardım help
yarı half of the
yarım half (n.)
yarın tomorrow
yasak prohibition, ban, prohibited
yaş damp, fresh
yaşamak to live; to enjoy
yaşlı old, elderly
yatak bed
yatmak to go to bed
yavaş slow; quiet
yavru young animal
yaz summer
yazı writing
yazık pity, shame
yazmak to write
yedi seven
yemek to eat; to spend (money)
yeni new
yer place; position
yeşil green
yetişmek to catch, make; to be in time for
yetmek to be sufficient
yetmiş seventy
yıkamak to wash; to bathe
yıkanmak to be washed; to be bathed
yıl year
yine/gene again, once more; still, even so
yirmi twenty
yiyecek food
yoğurt yogurt
yok there is not.., there are not..
yoksa or?; if not..? (used in questions)
yol road, path, route
yolcu traveler; passenger
yolculuk journey, trip
yollamak to send
yorgun tired
yorulmak to get tired
yön direction, aspect, angle
yönetici manager, administrator
yukarı upstairs; upper
yumurta egg; testicle
yumuş soft, tender, gentle
yurt homeland of a people or nation
yüksek high; lofty
yükselmek to rise, ascend
yürümek to work, to march, to move forward
yüz one hundred; face; reason
yüzmek to swim, to float

Z

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zahmet trouble
zaman time
zamir pronoun
zarf envelope
zaten anyway; besides
zengin rich
zeytin olive (fruit)
zil doorbell, buzzer
ziyaret visit, pilgrimage
zor trouble, worry, difficulty

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